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Pedagogy - Quipedia

In an industry as specialized as IV Therapy and medicine in general, it is important to understand terms and phrases used. Pedagogy provides Quipedia as a reference source for terms and words to ensure you understand their meaning and use.

Words and phrases used within courses that are underlined are links to Quipedia. Hover the mouse over the link and a fly-out of the brief definition of the word will appear. Need to know more? Click on the word link and Quipedia will list the full definition with pictures if available.

If you don’t find a word or phrase here that you are interested in, click here to send a suggestion to add it.

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PhraseBrief DescriptionImage
A1C A blood test that measures a persons average blood glucose level over the past 2-3 months
Abduction Movement of a body part away from the center
Ablation This procedure uses high-energy radio waves for treatment. The doctor inserts a thin, needle-like probe into the tumor. A high-frequency current is then passed through the tip of the probe, which heats the tumor and destroys the cancer cells.
Abrasion A wound caused by superficial damage to the skin, no deeper than the epidermis. It is less severe than a laceration, and bleeding, if present, is minimal
Absolute Neutrophil Count The number of neutrophils in a milliliter of blood
absolutes A thought or belief that one feels is free from imperfection; complete; perfect
Abulia Inability to make decisions; lack of initiative
acanthosis nigricans Skin condition characterized by darkened skin patches; condition seen frequently in persons with insulin resistance/pre-diabetes
Action Potential The change in electrical potential associated with the passage of an impulse along the membrane of a muscle cell or nerve cell
Activated Partial Prothrombin Time A blood test that looks at how long it takes for blood to clot
Active Range of Motion Range of motion exercises a person does without any physical help or support
Active Transport The movement of a chemical substance through a gradient of concentration or electrical potential in the direction opposite to normal diffusion, requiring the expenditure of energy
Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) Everyday routines involving functional mobility, such as dressing, bathing, and eating
Addiction The continued use of a mood altering substance or behaviour despite adverse consequences
Additive port Place where a substance can be added to a container
Add-On Devices Devices that increase overall function of the infusion system including, but not limited to, stopcocks, extension sets, manifold sets, injection and access caps, needleless systems, filters or flow regulators
Adenovirus Any of a group of double-stranded DNA viruses that can cause infections of the upper respiratory tract.
Adjunct A thing added to something else as a supplementary rather than an essential part
Adjunctive An additional substance, treatment, or procedure used for increasing the efficacy or safety of the primary substance, treatment, or procedure or for facilitating its performance
Adjuvant A pharmacological or immunological agent that modifies the effect of other agents
Admix To mix; to combine two or more medications
Admixing Preparation or compounding of medications
Adrenal The triangle-shaped endocrine glands that sit on top of the kidneys. They are chiefly responsible for regulating the stress response.
Adsorption The binding of molecules or particles to a surface
adult onset diabetes Former term used to describe type two diabetes
Advance Directive Describes what health care decisions the resident will want to be made if he or she loses the ability to make decisions
Adverse drug reaction Harm associated with the use of given medications at a normal dose
Adverse events An incident caused by a medical intervention
Advocacy Encouragement
Aerobic exercise Physical exercise of relatively low intensity and long duration
Afferent Conducting or conducted inward or toward something (for nerves, the central nervous system; for blood vessels, the organ supplied)
Aggregate Crowded or massed into a dense cluster
Agnosia Inability to recognize objects, persons, sounds.
agnostic Refers to persons not inclined toward religious belief or a particular form of religious belief
Agonist A chemical that binds to a receptor of a cell and triggers a response by that cell
Air Embolism Presence of air in the vascular system
albuminuria Presence of excessive amounts of protein in urine
Algorithm A step-by-step set of well-defined instructions that lead to a predictable outcome
Alimentary Tract The tubular passage of mucous membrane and muscle extending about 8.3 meters from the mouth to the anus that functions in digestion and elimination
Allergen A substance foreign to the human body that causes an allergic response
Allogeneic Taken from different individuals of the same species
Alloimmunization A response by the body's immune system to donated blood, bone marrow, or a transplanted organ in which a person's body develops antibodies that attack and destroy the donated material
Allopathic A system of medical practice making use of all measures that have proved of value in treatment of disease
ALT Alanine transaminase is an enzyme found in the liver. Serum ALT level, serum AST (aspartate transaminase) level, and their ratio (AST/ALT ratio) are commonly measured clinically as biomarkers for liver health.
altruistic Unselfishly concerned for or devoted to the welfare of others
Alveoli Tiny air sacs in the lungs where oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged in the blood, getting rid of the carbon dioxide and giving the oxygen to the red blood cells to be delivered to all of the muscles and organs
Alveolocapillary membrane Related to the thin tissue barrier through which gases are exchanged between the alveolar air and the blood in the pulmonary capillaries
Ambiguities Unclearness by virtue of having more than one meaning; incomprehensibility as a result of not being clear
Ambiguity Uncertainty
Ambulatory Infusion Device Electronic infusion device (IV pump) specifically designed to be worn on the body to promote patient mobility and independence
Amino Acids Organic components of protein
Aminoglycoside A bacteriologic category of traditional Gram-negative antibacterial therapeutic agents
Ampule Hermetically sealed glass medication container that must be broken at the neck to access the medication.
Amygdala An almond shaped part of the brain's limbic system
amylin A hormone formed by the beta cells of the pancreas
Anabolism The synthesis of tissue cells.
Anaerobe Any organism that does not require oxygenfor growth
Analog A drug or other chemical compound that resembles another in structure or constituents but has different effects
Anaphylactic shock A life-threatening type of allergic reaction
Anaphylaxis A severe, whole-body allergic reaction to a chemical that has become an allergen
Anaphylaxoid Of or resembling anaphylaxis
Anastomosis The direct or indirect connection of separate parts of a branching system to form a network, especially among blood vessels.
Anesthesia When a Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA) or anesthesiologist administers anesthesia to the patient through and IV line with medications as well as administer gas through and airway mask
Angioedema Rapid swelling of the dermis, subcutaneous tissue, mucosa and submucosal tissues.
Angiogenesis The physiological process involving the growth of new blood vessels from pre-existing vessels.
Angioneurotic edema Swelling that occurs just beneath the surface of the skin or mucous membranes.
Ankylosing Spondylitis A long-term disease that causes inflammation of the joints between the spinal bones, and the joints between the spine and pelvis
Anorexia Nervosa A psychiatric eating disorder characterized by refusal to maintain body weight at or above a minimally normal weight for age and height.
Anosognosia Unawareness or denial of neurological deficits
Antagonist A substance that interferes with or inhibits the physiological action of another
Anthrocycline Doxorubicin and daunorubicin (chemotherapy drugs)
antiarrhythmic Counteracting an irregular rhythm or beat of the heart
Antibodies Immune system cells that begin a chain of events designed to destroy foreign invading cells
Antibody A gamma globulin protein found in blood or other bodily fluids that is used by the immune system to identify and neutralize foreign objects, such as bacteria and viruses.
Anticholinergics A drug or agent that blocks these nerve impulses, used to control intestinal spasm, increase the heart rate, dilate the pupils for examination of the eyes, dry secretions in anaesthesia, and in some forms to treat Alzheimer's
Antigen A molecule recognized by the immune system
Antileptic A diverse group of pharmacological agents used in the treatment of epileptic seizures, also known as anticonvulsant or anti-seizure drugs
Antineoplastic Inhibiting or preventing the growth and spread of tumors or malignant cells
Antioxidant Substance that helps prevent cell damage from free radicals
Antiseptic A substance that inhibits the growth and development of microorganisms
Anuria An accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal (abdominal) cavity
aorta The main artery exiting the heart and eventually feeding the entire arterial system of the body
Aphasia Absence or impairment of ability to communicate
Aphonia Inability to speak
Aplastic Anemia A condition where bone marrow does not produce sufficient new cells to replenish blood cell.
apoptosis The process of programmed cell death
Apoptosis Programmed cell death that occurs during normal cell turnover
Appendage An external body part that protrudes from an organism's body
Apraxia Loss of ability to perform activites that person is able and willing to normally do
AROM Active Range of Motion
arterial hypoxemia Abnormally low level of oxygen in arterial blood
Arteriovenous (AV) Fistula Surgical anastomosis between an artery and vein
Arteriovenous (AV) Graft Surgical structure created between an artery and a vein, usually of a manufactured synthetic material
Artery A blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body
Arthralgia Joint pain
articulated To utter clearly and distinctly; pronounce with clarity; to give clarity or distinction to
Ascending and Descending Pain Pathways Ascending nerve pathways go upward from the spinal cord toward the brain carrying sensory information from the body to the brain. Descending nerve pathways go down the spinal cord and allow the brain to control movement of the body below the head.
Ascites Excess fluid in the space between the tissues lining the abdomen and abdominal organs
Aseptic Preparation The technique involving procedures designed to preclude contamination (of drugs, packaging, equipment, or supplies) by microorganisms during processing
Aseptic Technique Mechanism employed to reduce potential contamination
aspiration Stomach contents moving backwards up the GI tract and spilling into the lungs
Asthenia A condition in which the body lacks or has lost strength either as a whole or in any of its parts
Astrovirus A group of single-stranded RNA viruses distributed worldwide.
Ataxia A set of neurological symptoms characterized by gross lack of coordination of muscle movements
atelectasis Collapse of a portion of the lung that results in reduced or absent gas exchange.
Atheroembolic Relating to occlusion from an atheroma
Atheroma An accumulation and swelling in artery walls that is made up of mostly macrophage cells, or debris, that contain lipids, calcium and a variable amount of fibrous connective tissue
Atherosclerosis Hardening of the arteries due to cholesterol-lipid-calcium deposits in the walls of the arteries
Atherosclerotic disease A condition in which an artery wall thickens as the result of a build-up of fatty materials such as cholesterol
ATP Adenosine triphosphate
atria The two upper cardiac chambers
atrio-ventricular valves Abbreviated as AV valves- valves lying between the atria and ventricles
Atrophic The wasting away or decrease in size of an organ or tissue in the body
Auditory Relating to the process of hearing
Auscultation (based on the Latin verb auscultare "to listen") is the term for listening to the internal sounds of the body, usually using a stethoscope.
Autocratic management Autocratic management style is one where the manager has complete power and makes decisions without asking anyone else's opinion or advice
Autologous Derived or transferred from the same individual's body
Autolytic Debridement The use of synthetic dressings to cover a wound and allow eschar to self-digest by the action of enzymes present in wound fluids.
Autonomic nervous system Division of the nervous system that enervates glands as well smooth and cardiac muscle
Autonomy Patient and or family preferences concerning treatment decisions take precendence during the course of care.
Avascular Not associated with or supplied by blood vessels
Avulsion The removal of all the layers of skin from abrasion
Azoospermia The medical condition of a male not having any measurable level of sperm in his semen
Azotemia A medical condition characterized by abnormally high levels of nitrogen-containing compounds, such as urea, creatinine, various body waste compounds, and other nitrogen-rich compounds in the blood